Volume 6, Issue 1 (2021)                   IJMPP 2021, 6(1): 460-467 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Dadashi Tonkaboni N, Tavafian S S, Gholamnia Shirvani Z. Promoting Backpack Carrying Behavior in Female Students: An Application of Peer Education. IJMPP 2021; 6 (1) :460-467
URL: http://ijmpp.modares.ac.ir/article-32-49363-en.html
1- Master Graduated from Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Faculty,of Medical Sciences Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran. , tavafian@modares.ac.ir
3- Department of Medical Education Development, Education Development Center (EDC), Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.
Abstract:   (1303 Views)
Aims: A backpack is considered as one of the most common cases of carrying things to schools. It is argued that improper carrying can lead to musculoskeletal pain in students. Health education through peers can play an important role in promoting proper backpack carrying behaviors. This study aimed to evaluate peer education on how to carry backpacks in female high school students.
Method and Materials: This quasi-Intervention study was conducted on 92 female high school students in Bahnemir, Iran using multi-stage cluster random sampling. The data regarding knowledge, attitude and backpack carrying behavior were collected through a valied questionnaire before and six months after the intervention. Just intervention group received an educational program in four sessions by peers. The data were analyzed by SPSS
version 21 .
Findings: 92 students with a mean age of 13.90 ± 0.71participated in Intervention and control groups (n= 46 in each group). The variables of knowledge, attitude and backpack carrying behavior improved after intervention (respectively (P <0.001).
Conclusion: According to the results of this study, it is suggested to consider these findings in the design, implementation and evaluation of educational interventions to improve carrying behavior of backpacks among this vulnerable target group.
Full-Text [PDF 350 kb]   (421 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Occupational Therapy
Received: 2021/01/20 | Accepted: 2021/02/1 | Published: 2021/03/12

References
1. Ozgül B, Akalan NE, Kuchimov S, Uygur F, Temelli Y, Polat MG. Effects of unilateral backpack carriage on biomechanics of gait in adolescents: a kinematic analysis. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc. 2012;46(4):269-74. [DOI:10.3944/AOTT.2012.2678]
2. Mohammadi S, Mokhtarinia HR, Tabatabaee F, Nejatbakhsh R. Surveying ergonomic factors of backpack in tehranian primary school children. Razi Journal of Medical Sciences. 2012;19(102):1- 11.
3. Hosseini H, Daneshmandi H, Rahmaninia F. The Effect of Backpack Weight on Cardiovascular and Respiratory Changes in Adolescent Students. Sport Med. 2009;1(1):5-27.
4. Mohammadi M, Hossainzadegan H, Falahi S, Birjandi M, Azadpoor M, Movahedi F. Study of HIV & HCV coinfection in suspected patients referred to Khorramabad Shohadaye Ashayer hospital in 2007. Yafteh. 2009;11(1):55-61.
5. Jones R. A Pain in the backpack. CNN and Web MD/Healtheon. 2000.
6. Sheir-Neiss GI, Kruse RW, Rahman T, Jacobson LP, Pelli JA. The association of backpack use and back pain in adolescents. Spine. 2003;28(9):922-30. [DOI:10.1097/01.BRS.0000058725.18067.F7]
7. Dianat I, Sorkhi N, Pourhossein A, Alipour A, Asghari-Jafarabadi M. Neck, shoulder and low back pain in secondary schoolchildren in relation to schoolbag carriage: Should the recommended weight limits be gender-specific? Appl Ergon
8. Bagheri Nesami M, Mohseni Bandpey M. Prevalence and Characteristics of Low Back Pain in Secondary School Children (MazandaranIran), J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2007 ; 11(1):e81878.
9. Mirlashari J, Demirkol A, Salsali M, Rafiey H, Jahanbani J. Early childhood experiences, parenting and the process of drug dependency among young people in Tehran, Iran. Drug Alcohol Rev. 2012;31(4):461-8. [DOI:10.1111/j.1465-3362.2011.00384.x]
10. Sistani N, Khoi M, Taghdisi MH. Promoting knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of the mothers in their Girls' pubertal health based on peer education approach. Journal of Babol University of Medical Sciences. 2010;11(6):33-9.
11. Taghdisi M, Noori Sistani M, Merghati Khoi E, Hoseini F, Asgharnejad F. Impact peer education approach on knowledge and practice about mental health of adolescent girls. Tolooebehdasht. 2012;10(3):92-105.
12. Kargar M, Jamali Moghadam N, Moattari M. The effect of osteoporosis prevention education by peers and health personnel on self-efficacyof adolescents with nephrotic syndrome.IJN. 2013;26(81):44-53.
13. Coggins C, Segal S. AIDS and reproductive. J Reprod Immunol. 1998;41(1-2):3-15. [DOI:10.1016/S0165-0378(98)00045-X]
14. Mirmohammadi SJ, Nadri MR, Mehrparvar AH, Davari MH, Mostaghaci M. Effect of Ergonomic Modification Training about Schoolbag on Reduction of Musculoskeletal Complaints in Primary School Students. Focus on Sciences. 2016;2(3).
15. Pocock SJ. Clinical trials: a practical approach: John Wiley & Sons; 2013. [DOI:10.1002/9781118793916]
16. Goodgold SA, Nielsen D. Effectiveness of a schoolbased backpack health promotion program: Backpack Intelligence. Work. 2003;21(2):113-23.
17. Mohammadi Zeidi I, Pakpour Hajiagha A, Mohammadi Zeidi B. Reliability and validity of Persian version of the health-promoting lifestyle profile. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. 2012;21(1):102-13.
18. Dadashi Tonkaboni N, Tavafian SS, Gholamnia Shirvani Z. Development and Psychometric Evaluation of a Health Questionnaire on Backpacks Carrying among Female Students. IJMPP. 2018;3(3):77-81.
19. Mohammadi Zeidi I, Heydarnia A, Niknami S, Safari Variani A, Varmazyar S. The effects of an educational intervention on knowledge, attitude and ergonomic behaviors. J. Qazvin Univ. Med. Sci. 2010;14(1):33-40.
20. Habybabady RH, Moghaddam A, Mirzaei R, Mohammadi M, Rakhshani M, Khammar A. Efficacy and impact of back care education on knowledge and behavior of elementary schoolchildren. J. Pak. Med. Assoc. 2012;62(6):580.-84
21. Foltran FA, Moreira RF, Komatsu MO, Falconi MF, Sato TO. Effects of an educational back care program on Brazilian schoolchildren's knowledge regarding back pain prevention. "Braz. J. Phys. Ther. 2012;16(2):128-33. [DOI:10.1590/S1413-35552012005000023]
22. Siuki HA, Peyman N, Vahedian-Shahroodi M, Gholian-Aval M, Tehrani H. Health education intervention on HIV/AIDS prevention behaviors among health volunteers in healthcare centers: An applying the theory of planned behavior. J Soc Serv Res. 2019;45(4):582-8. [DOI:10.1080/01488376.2018.1481177]
23. Alizadeh Siyouki H, Zareban E, Rakhshani F. [The impact of peer education on preventive behaviors AIDS is based on the Theory of Planned Behavior male student in second year high school Zahedan]. Ofogh Danesh. 2012;18(5):233-40.
24. Sistani N, Khoi M, Taghdisi M. Promoting knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of the mothers in their Girls' pubertal health based on peer education approach. Journal of Babol University of Medical Sciences. 2010;11(6):33-9.
25. Parsa P, Mosavi Z, Fatemeh C, Farhadiyan M. Comparing the effect of lecture and peer training on menstrual health knowledge and practices among high school girls in Hamadan city, 2014. Avicenna J Nurs Midwifery Care . 2015;23(1):26-37. [DOI:10.30699/sjhnmf.26.1.26]
26. Azizi A, Amirian F, Amirian M. Effects of peer education, education by physician and giving pamphlets on HIV knowledge in high school students: A Comparative Study. Hayat..2008;14(1):5-12.
27. Feingold AJ, Jacobs K. The effect of education on backpack wearing and posture in a middle school population. Work. 2002;18(3):287-94.
28. Vidal J, Borras PA, Ponseti FJ, Cantallops J, Ortega FB, Palou P. Effects of a postural education program on school backpack habits related to low back pain in children. Eur Spine J. 2013;22(4):782-7. [DOI:10.1007/s00586-012-2558-7]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.