Volume 6, Issue 3 (2021)                   IJMPP 2021, 6(3): 538-544 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

1- Department, of Health Education and Health Promotion Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department, of Health Education and Health Promotion Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran. , tavafian@modares.ac.ir
3- Department of Public Health Department, School of Health, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iranb Health Sciences Research Center, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran
Abstract:   (1348 Views)
Aim: Musculoskeletal pain is one of the most prevalent causes of disability worldwide.The aim of this study was to assess the effects of a designed interventional program on promoting the knowledge, attitude and practice among clinical workers who working in hospitals of Lorestan, Iran.
Method and Materials: In total 80 clinical workers of two hospitals of Lorestan province in were assessed in groups of intervention (N= 40) and control (N=40). These participants completed the demographic and researcher - made questionnaires as well as Visual Analog Scale (VAS) at the beginning of the study. Just the Intervention group were trained with educational program. The data based on researcher - made questionnaire and VAS were collected at 3- month follow up and analyzed using SPSS version 19.
Findings: Totally, 40 clinical workers in each group of intervention and control with mean age of (33.18±6.025) and (31.40± 6.732) were assessed respectively. Both groups were the same in terms of all studied variables at initial of the study (p > 0.05). However, there was
a significant difference between the groups at 3- month follow up in terms of knowledge, attitude and practice (p<0.0001). Furthermore, the mean score low back pain behavior in intervention group (18.35±.5.30) was significantly improved in comparison with the control group (16.05±4.52) (p<0.001).
Conclusion:This study showed the educational program was benefit to improve the knowledge, attitude and behavior of regarding preventing low back pain among clinical workers among Lorestan hospitals in Iran.
Full-Text [PDF 482 kb]   (478 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Occupational Therapy
Received: 2021/01/17 | Accepted: 2021/05/28 | Published: 2021/06/20

1. Moreira-Silva I, Santos R, Abreu S, Mota L. The effect of a workplace physical activity intervention program on musculoskeletal pain and related symptoms in different body regions in Portuguese workers. Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2014;20(1):55-64. [DOI:10.1080/10803548.2014.11077028]
2. Daneau C, Tétreau C, Deroche T, Mainville C, Cantin V, Descarreaux M. Impact of load expectations on neuromuscular and postural strategies during a freestyle lifting task in individuals with and without chronic low back pain. Plos one. 2021;16(2):e0246791. [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0246791]
3. Delshad MH, Tavafian SS, Kazemnejad A. Educational intervention for promoting stretching exercise behavior among a sample of Iranian office employees: applying the Health Promotion Model. J Pain Res 2019;12:733-42. [DOI:10.2147/JPR.S183410]
4. Cavdar I, Karaman A, Ozhanli Y, Ozbas A. Low Back Pain in Operating Room Nurses and Its Associated Factors. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(6):1291-1296. [DOI:10.12669/pjms.36.6.2836]
5. Salman Roghani R, Delbari A, Asadi-Lari M, Rashedi V. Neuropathic pain prevalence of older adults in an urban area of Iran: A populationbased study. Pain Res Treat 2019;2019. [DOI:10.1155/2019/9015695]
6. Heydari P, Varmazyar S, Hakimi C. Investigation of individual and occupational risk factors on the prevalence and consequence of musculoskeletal disorders among the rescue department employees in Qazvin in year 2016. Journal of Health. 2019;10(1):73-82. [DOI:10.29252/j.health.10.1.73]
7. Suni J, Virkkunen T, Husu P, Tokola K, Parkkari J, Kankaanpää M. Reliability and construct validity of the modified Finnish version of the 9-item patient health questionnaire and its associations within the biopsychosocial framework among female health-care workers with sub-acute or recurrent low back pain. BMC Musculoskeletl Disord. 2021;22(1):37.10.1186/s12891-020-03832-y. [DOI:10.1186/s12891-020-03832-y]
8. Eliasson K, Lind CM, Nyman T. Factors influencing ergonomists' use of observation-based riskassessment tools. Work. 2019;64(1):93-106. [DOI:10.3233/WOR-192972]
9. Almaghrabi A, Alsharif F. Prevalence of Low Back Pain and Associated Risk Factors among Nurses at King Abdulaziz University Hospital. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021;18(4):1567. [DOI:10.3390/ijerph18041567]
10. Imani A, Borna J, Alami A, Khosravan S, Hasankhani H, Bafandeh Zende M. Prevalence of low back pain and its related factors among pre-hospital emergency personnel in Iran. JEPT'. 2019;5(1):8- 13. [DOI:10.15171/jept.2018.01]
11. Kamardeen I. Preventing Workplace Incidents in Construction: Data Mining and Analytics Applications: Routledge; 2019. 180 Pages [DOI:10.1201/9781315110462]
12. Batt ME. Physical activity interventions in the workplace: the rationale and future direction for workplace wellness. Br J Sports Med 2009;43(1):47-8. [DOI:10.1136/bjsm.2008.053488]
13. Pakbaz, M , Hosseini,MA, Aemmi, SZ Gholami S. Effectiveness of the back school program on the low back pain and functional disability of Iranian nurse.J Exerc Rehabil. 2019; 15(1): 134-138. [DOI:10.12965/jer.1836542.271]
14. Bazvand Z, Tavafian SS, Boozari S, Shahrbanian S. Development and Psychometric of a Questionnaire about Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Nurses towards Neck Pain Prevention. JNE. 2020;9(1).1-10.
15. Breivik H, Borchgrevink P, Allen S, Rosseland L, Romundstad L, Hals EB, et al. Assessment of pain. Br J Anaesth. 2008;101(1):17-24. [DOI:10.1093/bja/aen103]
16. Solaimanizadeh L, Jafari M, Pourhaji F, Nassehi A. Chronic low back pain and disability among nurses: a cross sectional study from Bam, Iran. Int J Muscul Pain Prev. 2016;1(1):29-33.
17. Salah M, Mahdy NE, Mohamed L. Effect of educational program on performance of Intensive Care Nurses to Decrement the low Back pain. Life Sci.2012;9(4):3109-25.
18. Kazemi SS, Tavafian S-S, Montazeri A. The social media intervention for lower back pain education study (SMILE): a protocol for a randomized trial to reduce occupational low back pain in nursing professionals.Int J Musculoskeletal Pain Prev. 2019; 4(3):211-221. [DOI:10.21203/rs.2.12199/v1]
19. Dadarkhah A, Azma K, Abedi M, Rajabi F. Effect of Back School workshop on the knowledge and attitude of the nurses, working in military hospitals in Tehran. Nurse and Physician Within War. 2015.; 3(7):4-10.
20. Khalednejad M, Tavafian S, Niknami S. The Effect of Exercise Program on Low Back Pain Preventive Behaviors in Pregnant Females Referred to Health Centers of Karaj. J Educ Community Health. 2016;3(2):32-40. [DOI:10.21859/jech-03025]

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.