Volume 3, Issue 1 (2018)                   IQBQ 2018, 3(1): 29-34 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Gholami A, Teimori Boghsani G, Fouladi Dehaghi B, Tamaddon Yalameh‎ J. Effect of Education on Reducing Ergonomic Risk in Traditional ‎Carpet Weavers Working in Workshops in Golestan Province, ‎Iran; an Interventional Study. IQBQ. 2018; 3 (1) :29-34
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-32-15310-en.html
1- ‎
2- ‎Occupational Health Department, Public Health Faculty, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical sciences, ‎Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran
3- ‎Occupational Health Department, Public Health Faculty, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, ‎Ahvaz, Iran
4- ‎Occupational Health Department, Student Research Committee, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, ‎Gonabad, Iran , amirhasantamadon@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (530 Views)
Aims: In developing countries such as our country, most of the activities such as carpentry is performed manually and make workers exposure to inappropriate postures, which will increase the prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs). One way to reduce these disorders is educational ergonomics interventions. The present study aimed at determining the effect of education on reducing ergonomic risk in traditional carpet weavers working in workshops in Golestan province, Iran.
Materials & Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted on 100 employees in 54 traditional workshops in Golestan province of Iran in 2016. The studied population consisted of horsewomen carpet weavers who had at least one-year work experience and were selected based on simple random sampling method. The QEC method was used to assess the risk of musculoskeletal disorders and Nordic standard questionnaire was used to determine the frequency of symptoms of these disorders. The data were analyzed by SPSS 19, using paired sample t-test and Wilcoxon.
Findings: In the pre-interventional stage, the greatest risk was related to the neck (71.0%) at high-risk level. This intervention was significantly reduced from interventional, and only 5.0% of subjects were at this level (p<0.001). The waist circumference was 97.0% of the subjects before the training at the level of intermediate exposure. After intervention, this amount decreased and most of the subjects (64%) were exposed to low levels of exposure.
Conclusion: Education can reduce ergonomic risk in traditional carpet weavers working in workshops.
Full-Text [PDF 445 kb]   (176 Downloads)    

Received: 2017/11/25 | Accepted: 2018/02/11 | Published: 2018/03/20

1. Choobineh A, Shahnavaz H, Lahmi M. Major health risk factors in Iranian hand-woven carpet industry. Int ‎J Occup Saf Ergon. 2004;10:65-78. ‎ [Link]
2. Nazari J, Mahmoudi N, Dianat I, Graveling R. Working Conditions in Carpet Weaving Workshops and ‎Muscu-loskeletal Complaints among Workers in Tabriz-Iran. Health Promot Perspect. 2012; 2(2): 265–273.‎ [Link]
3. Punnett L, Wegman DH. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders: the epidemiologic evidence and the ‎debate. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2004;14:13-23.‎ [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.jelekin.2003.09.015]
4. Ortiz-Hernandez L, Tamez-Gonzalez S, Matýnez-Alcantara S, Mendez-Ramýrez I. Computer use increases ‎the risk of musculoskeletal disorders among newspaper office workers. Arch Med Res. 2003;34:331-42.‎ [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S0188-4409(03)00053-5]
5. Waters TR. National efforts to identify research issues related to prevention of work-related ‎musculoskeletal disorders. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2004;14:7-12.‎ [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.jelekin.2003.09.004]
6. Choobineh AR. Posture assessment methods in occupational ergonomics. Hamedan: Fanavaran; 2010.‎ [Link]
7. Choobineh AR, Tabatabaei SH R, Mokhtarzadeh A, Salehi M. Musculoskeletal Problems among Workers of ‎an Iranian Rubber Factory. J Occup Health. 2007;49:418-23.‎ [Link] [DOI:10.1539/joh.49.418]
8. Kangarlo HR, Malekzadeh SH, Alizadeh K, Shamshiri B. The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders causes ‎of disability retirement among Air Force personnel during 1371- 1382. J Army Univ Med Sci. 2006; 4: 813-‎‎818.‎ [Link]
9. Mesbah F, Choobineh A, Tozihian T, Jafari P, Naghib-alhosseini F, Shidmosavi M, et al . Ergonomic ‎intervention effect in reducing musculoskeletal disorders in staff of Shiraz Medical School. Iran Occup Health. ‎‎2012;9(1):41-51.‎ [Link]
10. Mohammadi Zeidi I, Farmanbar R, Morshedi H, Mohammadi Zeidi B, Karbord A. Effectiveness of an ‎Ergonomic Education to Modify of Body Posture, Ergonomic Risk Factors and Musculoskeletal Pain Severity in ‎Computer Users. J Med Faculty Guilan Univ Med Sci.2010; 19:15-28.‎ [Link]
11. Yaqoubi S, Esmaeili V. Evaluation of the effect of the ergonomic principles' instructions on the dental ‎students' postures; an ergonomic assessment. J Den Med. 2010; 23:121-27.‎ [Link]
12. Delshad AA, Naguib A, Mazaheri M, Sadeghi Naini H. "Occupational health (a textbook for primary health ‎care system staff)." Translatorsof: Mehr azma publication; 2008.‎ [Link]
13. Spielholz P, Silverstein B, Morgan M, Checkoway H, Kaufman J. Comparison of self-report, video ‎observation and direct measurement methods for upper extremity musculoskeletal disorder physical risk ‎factors. Ergonomics. 2001; 15; 44:588-613.‎ [Link]
14. Sen RN. Application of Ergonomics to Industrially Developing Countries. Ergonomics. 1984; 27:1021-‎‎1032.‎ [Link]
15. Fallah H, Khani Jazani R, Barkhordari A, Lahmi M, Halvani G, Movahedi M, et al. Assessment of risk ‎factors for upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders by OCRA index in Meybod potters in 2009. Occup Med ‎Quarter J. 2012; 4:34-41.‎ [Link]
16. Kromhout H. Occupational Hygiene in Developing Countries: Something to Talk about? Ann Occup Hyg. ‎‎1999; 43:501-3.‎ [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S0003-4878(99)00089-7]
17. Choobineh A, Daneshmandi H, Fallahpoor A, Rahimi Fard H. Ergonomic assessment of musculoskeletal ‎disorders risk level among workers of a petrochemical company. Iran Occup Health J. 2013; 10:78-88.‎ [Link]
18. Ozgoli G, Bathaei A, Mirmohamadali M, Alavi MM. Musculoskeletal Symptoms Assessment among ‎Midwives, Hamedan, 2002. Iran Occup Health J. 2006; 3: 37-42.‎ [Link]
19. Choobineh A, Lahmi M, Shahnavaz H, Khani Jazani R, Hosseini M. Musculoskeletal symptoms as related to ‎ergonomic factors in Iranian hand-woven carpet industry and general guidelines for workstation design. Int J ‎Occup Saf Ergon. 2004; 10:157-68.‎ [Link]
20. Choobineh A, Hosseini M, Lahmi M, Jazani RK, Shahnavaz H. Musculoskeletal problems in Iranian hand-‎woven carpet industry: Guidelines for workstation design. Appl Ergon. 2007; 38:617-24. ‎ [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.apergo.2006.06.005]
21. Durlov S, Chakrabarty S, Chatterjee A, Das T, Dev S, Gangopadhyay S, et al. Prevalence of low back pain ‎among handloom weavers in West Bengal, India. Int J Occup Environ Health. 2014; 20: 333–339.‎ [Link]
22. Mostaghaci M, Davari M, Mollaei F, Salehi M, Mehrparvar A. Evaluation of the frequency of ‎musculoskeletal disorders and work posture analysis by RULA method in workers of an auto- part ‎manufacturing company. Occup Med. 2012; 3: 26-32.‎ [Link]
23. Ahmadi-Motemael F, Abdosamadi HR, Roshanaee GH, S Jalilian. Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders ‎among Hamadan General Dental Practitioners. Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci. 2012; 19: 61-6.‎ [Link]
24. Mehrparvar A H, Ranjbar S, Ostghaee M. Salehi M. Risk assessment of musculoskeletal disorders by QEC ‎method in a food production factory. J Occup Med. 2011;3(2):54-60.‎ [Link]
25. Laal F, Mirzaei R, Behdani MS, Mohammadi M, Khodami K. Evaluation of the influence of ergonomic ‎intervention on the musculoskeletal disorders of Zahedan tailors. Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2017; 23:380-5.‎ [] [DOI:10.1080/10803548.2016.1233674]
26. Ali Arabian F, Motamedzade M, Golmohammadi R, Moghim Beigi A, Pir Hayati F. The impact of ‎ergonomics intervention on musculoskeletal disorders among Nahavand Alimoradian hospital staff. J Ergon. ‎‎2013; 1:23-32.‎ [Link]
27. ‎Yassi A, Cooper J, Tate R, Gerlach S, Muir M, Trottier J, et al. A randomized controlled trial to prevent ‎patient lift and transfer injuries of health care workers. Spine. 2001; 26:1739-46.‎ [Link]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author