Volume 3, Issue 2 (2018)                   IQBQ 2018, 3(2): 51-55 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Saeedi E, Sajedifar J, Shirdelzade S, Mehri A, Azizy E. Effect of Ergonomic Principles Education on Temporary Musculoskeletal Disorders of Personnel in Hospital Service. IQBQ. 2018; 3 (2) :51-55
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-32-22458-en.html
1- Student Research Committee, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
2- Occupational Health Engineering Department, Public Health Faculty, Neyshabur University of Medical Sciences, Neyshabur, Iran
3- Nursing Department, Nursing Faculty, Neyshabur University of Medical Sciences, Neyshabur, Iran , shirdel.sara@gmail.com
4- Occupational Health Engineering Department, Public Health Faculty, Iranshahr University of Medical Sciences, Iranshahr, Iran
Abstract:   (896 Views)
Aims: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are highly prevalent in personnel of hospital service. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of ergonomic principles education on temporary musculoskeletal disorders of personnel in hospital service.
Materials & Methods: This study is a two-group pre-test, post-test experimental study that was done on 50 people of service staff of educational hospitals of Gonabad, Iran, in 2014. Participants were entered by simple randomized sampling method and then randomly assigned into two intervention and control groups (25 samples in per group). Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaires (NMQ) and Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) questionnaires were completed for both groups. Then ergonomic education was conducted for intervention group and after one month the questionnaires were completed. Mann-Whitney U and Wilcoxon tests were used. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS 16 software.
Findings: According to REBA, there was a statistically significant difference after intervention (p≤0.001) in two groups. Also, Nordic questionnaire showed a significant difference in upper back (p≤0.003), lower back (p≤0.022), and thigh (p≤0.016) scores after intervention.
Conclusion: Ergonomic education can reduce the incidence of musculoskeletal disorders of personnel in hospital service.
Full-Text [PDF 391 kb]   (252 Downloads)    

Received: 2018/05/7 | Accepted: 2018/05/25 | Published: 2018/06/21

1. 1- Choobineh A, Rajaeefard AR, Neghab M. Perceived demands and musculoskeletal disorders among hospital nurses. Hakim Health Sys Res J. 2007;10(2):70-5. [Link]
2. Alexopoulos EC, Burdorf A, Kalokerinou A. Risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders among nursing personnel in Greek hospitals. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2003;76(4):289-94. [Link]
3. Wang SY, Liu LC, Lu MC, Koo M. Comparisons of musculoskeletal disorders among ten different medical professions in Taiwan: A nationwide, population-based study. PloS One. 2015;10(4):e0123750. [Link] [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0123750]
4. Szeto GPY, Law KY, Lee E, Lau T, Chan SY, Law SW. Multifaceted ergonomic intervention programme for community nurses: Pilot study. J Adv Nurs. 2010;66(5):1022-34. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2009.05255.x]
5. Niu S. The ILO list of occupational diseases. Afr Newsl Occup Saf Health Care Sect. 2002;12(3):48-50. [Link]
6. Hofman F, Stossel U, Michaelis M, Nubling M, Siegel A. Low back pain and lumbago-sciata in nurses and a reference group of clerks: result of a comparative prevalence study in Germany. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2002;75(7):484-90. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s00420-002-0332-6]
7. Bilski B, Wysocki J, Hemerling M. Viral hepatitis in helath service workers in the Province of Wielkopolska. Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2002;15(4):347-52. [Link]
8. Karahan A, Bayraktar N. Determination of the usage of body mechanics in clinical settings and the occurrence of low back pain in nurses. Int J Nurs Stud. 2004;41(1):67-75. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S0020-7489(03)00083-X]
9. Bos E, Krol B, van der Star L, Groothoff J. Risk factors and musculoskeletal complaints in non-specialized nurses, IC nurses, operation room nurses, and X-ray technologists. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2007;80(3):198-206. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s00420-006-0121-8]
10. Kumar R. Ergonomic evaluation and design of tools in cleaning occupations [Dissertation]. Luleå: Luleå University of Technology; 2006. [Link]
11. Choobineh A. Posture assessment methods in occupational ergonomics. 4th Edition. Hamedan: Fanavaran; 2014. [Persian] [Link]
12. Maul I, Laubli T, Klipstein A, Krueger H. Course of low back pain among nurses: A longitudinal study across eight years. Occup Environ Med. 2003;60(7):497-503. [Link] [DOI:10.1136/oem.60.7.497]
13. Malone RE. Ergonomics, policy, and the ED nurse. J Emerg Nurs. 2000;26(5):514-5. [Link] [DOI:10.1067/men.2000.109870]
14. Norman R, Wells R. Ergonomic interventions for reducing musculoskeletal disorders. In: Sulivan T. Injury and the new world of work. Vancouver: UBC Press; 2000. pp. 115-6. [Link]
15. Kirkhorn SR, Earle-Richardson G, Banks RJ. Ergonomic risks and musculoskeletal disorders in production agriculture: Recommendations for effective research to practice. J Agromedicine. 2010;15(3):281-99. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/1059924X.2010.488618]
16. Spielholz P, Silverstein B, Morgan M, Checkoway H, Kaufman J. Comparison of self-report, video observation and direct measurement methods for upper extremity musculoskeletal disorder physical risk factors. Ergonomics. 2001;44(6):588-613. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/00140130118050]
17. McHugh ML. Interrater reliability: The kappa statistic. Biochem Med. 2012;22(3):276-82. [Link] [DOI:10.11613/BM.2012.031]
18. Moussavi-Najarkola SA, Mirzaei R. Assessment of musculoskeletal loads of electric factory workers by rapid entire body assessment. Health Scope. 2012;1(2):71-9. [Link] [DOI:10.5812/jhs.6654]
19. Burgess-Limerick R. Issues associated with force and weight limits and associated threshold limit values in the physical handling work environment [Internet]. Queensland: UniQuest Pty Ltd; 2003 [cited 2003 Feb 30]. Available from: http://ergonomics.uq.edu.au/download/threshold.pdf [Link]
20. McAtamney L, Hignett S. REBA: A rapid entire body assessment method for investigating work related musculoskeletal disorders. Annual conference; 31st, Ergonomics Society of Australia, 1995, Glenelg, Australia. Sydney: Downer; 1995. pp. 45-51. [Link]
21. Hignett S, McAtamney L. Rapid entire body assessment (REBA). Appl Ergon. 2000;31(2):201-5. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/S0003-6870(99)00039-3]
22. Mohammadi Zeidi I, Heydarnia A, Niknami S, Safari Variani A, Varmazyar S. The effect of an educational on knowledge, attitude and ergonomic behavior. J Qazvin Univ Med Sci. 2010;14(1):33-40. [Persian] [Link]
23. Fanello S, Jousset N, Roquelaure Y, Chotard-Frampas V, Delbos V. Evaluation of a training program for the prevention of lower back pain among hospital employees. Nurs Health Sci. 2002;4(1‐2):51-4. [Link] [DOI:10.1046/j.1442-2018.2002.00098.x]
24. Goodman G, Landis J, George C, McGuire S, Shorter C, Sieminski M, et al. Effectiveness of computer ergonomics interventions for an engineering company: A program evaluation. Work. 2005;24(1):53-62. [Link]
25. Stetler CB, Burns M, Sander-Buscemi K, Morsi D, Grunwald E. Use of evidence for prevention of work-related musculoskeletal injuries. Orthop Nurs. 2003;22(1):32-41. [Link] [DOI:10.1097/00006416-200301000-00010]
26. Ramadan PA, Ferreira MJR. Risk factors associated with the reporting of musculoskeletal symptoms in workers at a laboratory of clinical pathology. Ann Occup Hyg. 2006;50(3):297-303. [Link]
27. Smith DR, Mihashi M, Adachi Y, Koga H, Ishitake T. A detailed analysis of musculoskeletal disorder risk factors among Japanese nurses. J Safety Res. 2006;37(2):195-200. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.jsr.2006.01.004]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author