Volume 3, Issue 4 (2018)                   IQBQ 2018, 3(4): 114-121 | Back to browse issues page

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Akbari-Chehrehbargh Z, Tavafian S S, Montazeri A. Assessing Back Pain, Healthy Back Behavior and its Cognitive Determinants among Pupils in Iran.. IQBQ. 2018; 3 (4) :114-121
URL: http://ijmpp.modares.ac.ir/article-32-32528-en.html
1- Health Education and Health Promotion Department, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Health Education, Department of Health Education, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran. , Tavafian@modares.ac.ir
3- Health Metrics Research Center, Iranian Institutes for Health Sciences Research, ACECR, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (2566 Views)
Aims: Back pain is an important public health problem and the leading cause of adult disability in the worldwide; that is on the rise among the adolescent population. This study concentrated on assessing the back pain, healthy back behavior and its cognitive determinants among 5th–grade girls in Iran.
Instruments & Methods: This was a cross-sectional school-based study conducted in capital Tehran`s region 22, through the convenience sampling of 610 pupils. A self-reported questionnaire was used to assess demographic information, back care knowledge, self-efficacy, fear-avoidance beliefs, and behaviours. Descriptive statistical analysis included frequency and percentage. Crosstabs and chi-square tests were used to broadly assess the data related to the presence of back pain and identify factors associated with back pain. The data was analyzed by SPSS.
Findings: In all 610 fifth-grade female elementary school children were entered into the study. The results showed that 23.6% of pupils (n=144) reported back pain during last week. In addition, only 1.8%, 33%, 18.5%, and 31.6% of participants had a high level of the back care knowledge, selfefficacy, belief, and behavior respectively. There was a significant relationship between the back pain and back behavior (P=0.004); and between back pain and self-efficacy (p
Conclusions: This study concluded that healthy back behavior as well as its main determinants should be enhanced among pupils
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Musculoskeletal Pain Prevention
Received: 2019/05/1 | Accepted: 2019/05/12 | Published: 2018/12/15

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