Volume 6, Issue 4 (2021)                   IJMPP 2021, 6(4): 613-621 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: 0000-0002-2574-823X


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Jalalvand A, Khaksari G R. A Prophylactic Effect of PNF Stretching on Mechanical Parameters of Agility, Squat and Continuous Jumps following Exercise-induced Muscle Damage. IJMPP 2021; 6 (4) :613-621
URL: http://ijmpp.modares.ac.ir/article-32-54513-en.html
1- Department of Sport Biomechanics, Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad Univer- sity, Hamedan, Iran. , jalalvand_ali@yahoo.com
2- Department of Sport Management, Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad Univer- sity, Hamedan, Iran.
Abstract:   (1203 Views)
Aim: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF)stretching combined with plyometric training on agility and Squat/Continuous jumps in non-athlete male students. 
Method and Materials: Thirty non-athlete male students were volunteered to participate in this study. Participants were assigned into control (n=21) and intervention (n=21) groups. Dependent variables were recorded at baseline and 48 hours after post-exercise. A Vicon (200 Hz) motion analysis system with six T-Series cameras and two Kistler force plates (1000 HZ) were used to record kinematic and kinetic data. A two-way repeated measure ANOVA (group x EIMD) was used to compare the data between the two groups. 
Findings: The agility in the intervention group was higher than in the plyometric group at 48 hours (P=0.015). Within-group comparison of agility showed a difference in the plyometric & PNF group from pre- to post-training (P=0.003). There were no significant differences in Squat jump test parameters from pre- to post-test between groups (P˃0.05). Also, within-group comparison of continuous jump of variables (maximum vertical displacement and power average) showed no difference in the plyometric & PNF group at 48 hours (P˃0.05). 
Conclusion: A prophylactic effect of PNF stretching on agility and components of continuous jumps following exercise-induced muscle damage was useful. Therefore, PNF can be useful with a preventative method in reducing the symptoms of exercise-induced muscle damage in some functional parameters of the exercise. 
Full-Text [PDF 589 kb]   (321 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Musculoskeletal Pain Prevention
Received: 2021/08/1 | Accepted: 2021/10/11 | Published: 2021/10/9

References
1. Ramírez-Campillo R, Gallardo F, HenriquezOlguín C, Meylan CM, Martínez C, Álvarez C, et al. Effect of vertical, horizontal, and combined plyometric training on explosive, balance, and endurance performance of young soccer players. J. Strength Cond. Res. 2015;29[7]:1784-95. [DOI:10.1519/JSC.0000000000000827]
2. Chelly MS, Hermassi S, Aouadi R, Shephard RJ. Effects of 8-week in-season plyometric training on upper and lower limb performance of elite adolescent handball players. J. Strength Cond. Res 2014;28[5]:1401-10. [DOI:10.1519/JSC.0000000000000279]
3. Miller MG, al e. The effects of a 6-week plyometric training program on agility. J. Sports Sci. Med. 2006;5[3]:459.
4. Shaffer JD. The Effects of a Six-week land-based and aquatic-based plyometric training program on power, peak torque, agility, and muscle soreness: ProQuest; 2007.
5. Farias-Junior LF, Browne RAV, Freire YA, OliveiraDantas FF, Lemos TMAM, Galvão-Coelho NL, et al. Psychological responses, muscle damage, inflammation, and delayed onset muscle soreness to high-intensity interval and moderate-intensity continuous exercise in overweight men. Physiol. Behav. 2019;199:200-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.physbeh.2018.11.028]
6. Highton JM, Twist C, Eston RG. The effects of exercise-induced muscle damage on agility and sprint running performance. J. Exerc. Sci. Fit. 2009;7[1]:24-30. [DOI:10.1016/S1728-869X(09)60004-6]
7. Connolly DA, Sayers SP, McHugh MP. Treatment and prevention of delayed onset muscle soreness. J. Strength Cond. Res. 2003;17[1]:197-208. [DOI:10.1519/00124278-200302000-00030]
8. Johansson P, Lindström L, Sundelin G, Lindström B. The effects of preexercise stretching on muscular soreness, tenderness and force loss following heavy eccentric exercise. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 1999;9[4]:219-25. [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0838.1999.tb00237.x]
9. Miyahara Y, Naito H, Ogura Y, Katamoto S, Aoki J. Effects of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching and static stretching on maximal voluntary contraction. J. Strength Cond. Res. 2013;27[1]:195-201. [DOI:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182510856]
10. O'Hora J, Cartwright A, Wade CD, Hough AD, Shum GL. Efficacy of static stretching and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretch on hamstrings length after a single session. J. Strength Cond. Res. 2011;25[6]:1586-91. [DOI:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181df7f98]
11. Yıldırım M, Ozyurek S, Tosun O, Uzer S, Gelecek N. Comparison of effects of static, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation and Mulligan stretching on hip flexion range of motion: a randomized controlled trial. Biol. Sport. 2016;33[1]:89-94. [DOI:10.5604/20831862.1194126]
12. Maicki T, Bilski J, Szczygieł E, Trąbka R. PNF and manual therapy treatment results of patients with cervical spine osteoarthritis. J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2017;30[5]:1095-101. [DOI:10.3233/BMR-169718]
13. Lee J-H, Park S-J, Na S-S. The effect of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation therapy on pain and function. J. Phys. Ther. Sci. 2013;25[6]:713-6. [DOI:10.1589/jpts.25.713]
14. Khamwong P, Pirunsan U, Paungmali A. A prophylactic effect of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretching on symptoms of muscle damage induced by eccentric exercise of the wrist extensors. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2011;15[4]:507-16. [DOI:10.1016/j.jbmt.2010.07.006]
15. Yuktasir B, Kaya F. Investigation into the longterm effects of static and PNF stretching exercises on range of motion and jump performance. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2009;13[1]:11-21. [DOI:10.1016/j.jbmt.2007.10.001]
16. Faul F, Erdfelder E, Lang A-G, Buchner A. G* Power 3: A flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behav. Res. Methods. 2007;39[2]:175-91. [DOI:10.3758/BF03193146]
17. Markovic G. Does plyometric training improve vertical jump height? A meta-analytical review. Br J Sports Med. 2007; 41(6): 349-355. [DOI:10.1136/bjsm.2007.035113]
18. Behm DG, Chaouachi A. A review of the acute effects of static and dynamic stretching on performance. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 2011;111[11]:2633-51. [DOI:10.1007/s00421-011-1879-2]
19. Amiri-Khorasani M, Sahebozamani M, Tabrizi KG, Yusof AB. Acute effect of different stretching methods on Illinois agility test in soccer players. J. Strength Cond. Res. 2010;24[10]:2698-704. [DOI:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181bf049c]
20. McCulloch AT. Speed, agility, and the playing position of elite male NCAA Division II basketball players: Tarleton State University; 2015.
21. Sheppard JM, Young WB. Agility literature review: Classifications, training and testing. J. Sports Sci. 2006;24[9]:919-32. [DOI:10.1080/02640410500457109]
22. Rees SS, Murphy AJ, Watsford ML, McLachlan KA, Coutts AJ. Effects of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching on stiffness and forceproducing characteristics of the ankle in active women. J. Strength Cond. Res. 2007;21[2]:572-7. [DOI:10.1519/00124278-200705000-00049]
23. Chatzinikolaou A, Fatouros IG, Gourgoulis V, Avloniti A, Jamurtas AZ, Nikolaidis MG, et al. Time course of changes in performance and inflammatory responses after acute plyometric exercise. J. Strength Cond. Res. 2010;24[5]:1389-98. [DOI:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181d1d318]
24. Pacheco L, Balius R, Aliste L, Pujol M, Pedret C. The acute effects of different stretching exercises on jump performance. J. Strength Cond. Res. 2011;25[11]:2991-8. [DOI:10.1519/JSC.0b013e318212dac0]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.