Volume 7, Issue 2 (2022)                   IJMPP 2022, 7(2): 702-707 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Raiisi F, Reyhaninejad kafi Z, Rahmani R. Predicting Pain Anxiety Symptoms based on Pain Perception with the mediating role of Mental Pain in Musculoskeletal Patients. IJMPP. 2022; 7 (2) :702-707
URL: http://ijmpp.modares.ac.ir/article-32-59518-en.html
1- Department of Cognitive Sciences, Institute of Cognitive Science Studies, Tehran, Iran. , elhamaraiisi@gmail.com
2- Sport Pathology and Corrective Exer- cises, Physical Education and Sports Science Faculty, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran.
3- General psychology, Refah Universi- ty, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (167 Views)
Aims: The purpose of this study is to investigate the prediction of pain anxiety symptoms based on pain perception with the mediating role of mental pain in in patients suffering from musculoskeletal disorders.
Method and Materials: This research is a cross-sectional study in which descriptive– correlational method was applied. The study population was all musculoskeletal patients in Tehran, Iran in 2021. In present study, 300 musculoskeletal patients were selected via candidate sampling method. They completed the Orbach & Mikulincer Mental Pain Scale (2018), Melzack McGill Pain Questionnaire (1975) and Paknejad et al. Pain Anxiety Symptoms (2014). Pearson correlation & bootstrap test were used to analyze data through SPSS-22.
Findings: There was significant negative relationship between pain perception and mental pain and conversely and significant direct positive relationship between pain perception and pain anxiety symptoms (P0.01>). Moreover, itwas shown the mediating role of mental pain in the relationship between pain perception and pain anxiety symptoms in patients with musculoskeletal pain. 
Conclusion: To conclude, based on the results, it could be argued that pain is affected by mental components and if the psychological reasons are relieved, the pain will be perceived 

 

less severe. 
Full-Text [PDF 375 kb]   (39 Downloads)    
Article Type: Descriptive & Survey | Subject: Musculoskeletal Pain Prevention
Received: 2022/02/11 | Accepted: 2022/02/28 | Published: 2022/04/20

References
1. Raja SN, Carr DB, Cohen M, Finnerup N, Flor H, Gibson S., et al. The revised International Association for the Study of Pain definition of pain: concepts, challenges, and compromises, PAIN, 2020; 161 (9): 1976-1982. [DOI:10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001939]
2. Raiisi F. Conceptual Metaphors of Pain in Persian: A Cognitive Analysis. IJMPP. 2021; 6(2): 496-501. http://ijmpp.modares.ac.ir/article-32-50132- en.html. [DOI:10.52547/ijmpp.6.2.496]
3. Raiisi F, Amini F, Khani MM. Investigating the relationship between Skeletal-muscular Pains and Quality of Life among Nursing and Midwifery Students. IJMPP. 2020;5(2): 336-343. Corpus ID: 221755429. [DOI:10.52547/ijmpp.5.2.336]
4. Amini F, Raiisi F. The Relationship between Musculoskeletal Pain and Demographic Variables in Nursing and Midwifery Students. 2019; 4(4): 256-262. [DOI:10.52547/ijmpp.4.4.256]
5. Tehranizadeh M., Raiisi F. The Relationships between Depression, Pain Self-Efficacy, Physical Disability and Chronic Pain. IJMPP. 2020;5(3): 373-379. [DOI:10.52547/ijmpp.5.3.373]
6. Tossani E. The Concept of Mental Pain. Psychother Psychosom 2013; 82:67-73. [DOI:10.1159/000343003]
7. Mills SEE, Nicolson KP, Smith BH. Chronic pain: a review of its epidemiology and associated factors in population-based studies. Br J Anaesth. 2019, 123(2):e273-e283. [DOI:10.1016/j.bja.2019.03.023]
8. Bushnell M, Čeko M. Low L. Cognitive and emotional control of pain and its disruption in chronic pain. Nat Rev Neurosci, 2013; 14, 502-511. [DOI:10.1038/nrn3516]
9. Orbach I, Mikulincer M, Sirota P, GilboaSchechtman E. Mental pain: a multidimensional operationalization and definition. Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2003;33(3):219-30. [DOI:10.1521/suli.33.3.219.23219]
10. Verrocchio MC, Carrozzino D, Marchetti D, Andreasson K, Fulcheri M, Bech P. Mental Pain and Suicide: A Systematic Review of the Literature. Front Psychiatry. 2016, 20;7:108. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyt.2016.00108]
11. Sandler J. Psychology and psychoanalysis. Br J Med Psychol. 1962; 35:91-100. [DOI:10.1111/j.2044-8341.1962.tb00507.x]
12. Gilam G, Gross JJ, Wager TD, Keefe FJ, Mackey SC. What Is the Relationship between Pain and Emotion? Bridging Constructs and Communities. Neuron. 2020;107(1):17-21. [DOI:10.1016/j.neuron.2020.05.024]
13. Becker S, Navratilova E, Nees F, Van Damme S. Shared Mechanisms of Chronic Pain and Emotional-Motivational Problems: From Basic Science to the Clinics. Pain Res Manag. 2018 19. [DOI:10.1155/2018/9305026]
14. Rajmohan V, Kumar SK. Psychiatric morbidity, pain perception, and functional status of chronic pain patients in palliative care. Indian J Palliat Care. 2013,19(3):146-51. [DOI:10.4103/0973-1075.121527]
15. McGrath PA. Psychological aspects of pain perception. Arch Oral Biol. 1994;39 Suppl:55S62S. [DOI:10.1016/0003-9969(94)90189-9]
16. Apkarian AV. Pain perception in relation to emotional learning. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2008, 18(4):464-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.conb.2008.09.012]
17. Peláez I, Martínez-Iñigo D, Barjola P, Cardoso S, Mercado F. Decreased Pain Perception by Unconscious Emotional Pictures. Front Psychol. 2016, 21;7:1636. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01636]
18. Cimpean A, David D. The mechanisms of pain tolerance and pain-related anxiety in acute pain. Health Psychology Open. 2019. [DOI:10.1177/2055102919865161]
19. Zanini S, Voltolini A, Gragnano G, Fumagalli E, Pagnini F. Changes in Pain Perception following Psychotherapy: The Mediating Role of Psychological Components. Pain Res Manag.2018,19; 8713084. [DOI:10.1155/2018/8713084]
20. Márki G, Bokor A, Rigó J, Rigó A. Physical pain and emotion regulation as the main predictive factors of health-related quality of life in women living with endometriosis. Hum Reprod. 2017; 1;32(7):1432- 1438. [DOI:10.1093/humrep/dex091]
21. Hechler T, Endres D, Thorwart A. Why Harmless Sensations Might Hurt in Individuals with Chronic Pain: About Heightened Prediction and Perception of Pain in the Mind. Front Psychol. 2016, 25,7:1638. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01638]
22. Taherizadeh S, Samari A, Ahi G. Structural modeling of pain perception in people with chronic pain syndrome based on behavioral inhibition system: mediated by pain catastrophe and perceived social support. JAP. 2021; 12(2) :19-31.
23. Melzack R. The McGill Pain properties and scoring methods. Pain, 1975, 1(3), 277-299. [DOI:10.1016/0304-3959(75)90044-5]
24. Dworkin RH, Turk DC, Revicki DA, Harding G, Coyne KS, Peirce-Sandner S, et al. Development and initial validation of an expanded and revised version of the Short-form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ-2). PAIN, 2009, 144(1), 35-42. [DOI:10.1016/j.pain.2009.02.007]
25. Orbach I, Mikulincer M, Sirota P, GilboaSchechtman E. Mental pain: A multidimensional operationalization and definition. Suicide and Life-threatening Behavior, 2003; 33(3): 219-230. [DOI:10.1521/suli.33.3.219.23219]
26. Guimarães R, Fleming M, Cardoso MF. Validation of the Orbach & Mikulincer Mental Pain Scale (OMMP) on a drug addicted population. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol, 2014; 49, 405- 415. [DOI:10.1007/s00127-013-0751-6]
27. Guimarães R , Fleming M, Cardoso MF.Validation of the Orbach & Mikulincer Mental Pain Scale (OMMP) on a drug addicted population.Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2014 ;49(3):405-15. [DOI:10.1007/s00127-013-0751-6]
28. karami J, Bagian M, Momeni K, Elahi A. Measurement of mental pain: Psychometric properties and confirmatory factor analysis of multidimensional mental pain questionnaire. Quarterly Journal of Health Psychology, 2018; 7(25): 146-172. [In Persian].
29. Paknejad M, Asghari A, Rahiminezhad A, Rostami R, Taheri A. Factorial Structure and Psychometric Properties of the Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale (PASS-20). Applied Psychological Research Quarterly, 2014, 5(3): 71-94.
30. Cohen JE. Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. 1988.
31. Carleton RN, Asmundson GJ. the multidimensionality of fear of pain: construct independence for the fear of Pain Questionnaire-Short Form and the Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale-20. J Pain; 2009, 10(1):29- 37. [DOI:10.1016/j.jpain.2008.06.007]
32. Pinel L, Perez-Nieto MA, Redondo M, RodríguezRodríguez L, Mateos LL. The Impact of Cognitive Anxiety and the Rating of Pain on Care Processes in a Vigilance Task: The Important Part Played by Age, Pain Research and Management, 2020. [DOI:10.1155/2020/3204720]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.