Volume 8, Issue 2 (2023)                   IJMPP 2023, 8(2): 887-894 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Raiisi F, Raisi H, Lak Chalespari G, Reyhani nejad Kafi Z. The Effectiveness of Compassion-focused Therapy on Pain Catastrophizing, and Resilience in Skeletal-Muscular Patients. IJMPP 2023; 8 (2) :887-894
URL: http://ijmpp.modares.ac.ir/article-32-68910-en.html
1- Cognitive Linguistics. Cognitive science of language department, Cog- nitive Science. Institute of Cognitive Science Studies, Tehran, Iran. , elhamaraiisi@gmail.com
2- General Psychology, University of Allame Amini Behnamir, Mazandaran.
3- Clinical Psychology, Islamic Azad University-Rodehen branch. Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences.
4- Corrective Exercise and Sports Inju- ry, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (898 Views)
Aims: This study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of compassion-focused therapy on pain catastrophizing and resilience in Muscular - Skeletal (MS) patients.
Method and Materials: The method of the study was semi-experimental in nature with a pre-test-post-test design with control group. The studied population was all people with musculoskeletal pain in the first six months of 2022 in Tehran, Iran. According to this, 40 patients with skeletal-muscular pain were selected voluntarily and randomly placed in intervention and control groups (each group n=20). The Questionnaires included Sullivan et al.`s Pain Catastrophizing Pain (1995) and Connor and Davidson `s resilience (2003). The experimental group received eight 90-minute sessions of compassion-focused therapy, but the control group placed at waiting list. The data were analyzed using multivariate analysis of covariance by SPSS-26.
Findings: The results indicated that the group of compassion-focused therapy significantly decreased components of pain catastrophizing (rumination, magnification, and helplessness) and increased resilience in women with MS (P<0.001).
Conclusion: The findings of this research emphasized the effectiveness of compassion- focused therapy on pain catastrophizing components and resilience in skeletal-muscular patients. Since who experienced many problems with skeletal-muscular pain, it is necessary to measure the improvement of mental and physical health.
Full-Text [PDF 403 kb]   (209 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Musculoskeletal Pain Prevention
Received: 2023/05/5 | Accepted: 2023/05/10 | Published: 2023/05/20

References
1. Amini F, Raiisi F. The Relationship between Musculoskeletal Pain and Demographic Variables in Nursing and Midwifery Students. IJMPP 2019;4(4):256-262. [DOI:10.52547/ijmpp.4.4.256]
2. Raiisi F. The Relationships Between Pain Perception and Quality of Life in Addicts. IJMPP 2020;5(2):350-356. [DOI:10.52547/ijmpp.5.2.350]
3. Raiisi F, Amini F, Khani M. Investigating the Relationship Between Skeletal-Muscular Pains and Quality of Life among Nursing and Midwifery Students. IJMPP 2020;5(2):336-343. [DOI:10.52547/ijmpp.5.2.336]
4. Raiisi F, Reyhaninejad kafi Z, Rahmani R. Predicting Pain Anxiety Symptoms based on Pain Perception with the mediating role of Mental Pain in Musculoskeletal Patients. IJMPP 2022;7(2):702-707. [DOI:10.52547/ijmpp.7.3.772]
5. Raiisi F, Raisi H, Kolivand M. Predicting Pain Catastrophizing based on Pain Anxiety Symptoms and Cognitive Flexibility in Cancer Patients. IJMPP 2022;7(3):772-777. [DOI:10.52547/ijmpp.7.3.772]
6. Tehranizadeh M, Raiisi F. The Relationships between Depression, Self-Efficacy, Physical Disability and Chronic Pain. IJMPP 2020;5(3):373- 379. [DOI:10.52547/ijmpp.5.3.373]
7. Raiisi F. Conceptual Metaphors of Pain in Persian: A Cognitive Analysis. IJMPP 2021;6(2):496-501. [DOI:10.52547/ijmpp.6.2.496]
8. Raiisi F, Riyassi M. Understanding Cancer Patients' Lived Experience of Pain through Metaphors: A Qualitative Study. IJMPP 2022;7(3):759-764. [DOI:10.52547/ijmpp.7.3.759]
9. Suso-Ribera C, Garcí�a-Palacios A, Botella C, Ribera-Canudas MV. Pain Catastrophizingand Its Relationship with Health Outcomes: Does Pain Intensity Matter? Pain Res Manag. 2017;2017:9762864. [DOI:10.1155/2017/9762864]
10. Petrini L, Arendt-Nielsen L. Understanding Pain Catastrophizing: Putting Pieces Together. Front Psychol. 2020,16;11:603420. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.603420]
11. Burri A, Ogata S, Rice D, Williams F. Pain catastrophizing, neuroticism, fear of pain, and anxiety: Defining the genetic and environmental factors in a sample of female twins. PLoS ONE, 2018;13(3):e0194562. [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0194562]
12. Wada T, Tanishima S, Osaki M, Nagashima H, Hagino H. Relationship between sarcopenia and pain catastrophizing in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis: A cross-sectional study.Osteoporos Sarcopenia. 2019; 5(4):132-136. [DOI:10.1016/j.afos.2019.12.001]
13. Park S, Lee R, Yoon D, Yoon K, Kim K, Kim S. Factors associated with increased risk for pain catastrophizing in patients with chronic neck pain: A retrospective cross-sectional study. Medicine, 2016; 95(37): p e4698. [DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000004698]
14. Gür O, Başar S, Esen E, Ataoglu B, Turanlı S. The Relationship of Kinesiophobia and Pain Catastrophizing with Pain, Range of Motion, Muscle Strength and Function in Osteoarthritis. IJDSHS, 2021; 4(2): 130-139. [DOI:10.33438/ijdshs.980343]
15. Morris CE, Wheeler JJ, Joos B. The Donnandominated resting state of skeletal muscle fibers contributes to resilience and longevity in dystrophic fibers. J Gen Physiol. 2022, 3;154(1):e202112914. [DOI:10.1085/jgp.202112914]
16. Nwankwo VC, Jiranek WA, Green CL, Allen KD, George SZ, Bettger JP. Resilience and pain catastrophizing among patients with total knee arthroplasty: a cohort study to examine psychological constructs as predictors of postoperative outcomes. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2021;19(1):136. [DOI:10.1186/s12955-021-01772-2]
17. Chow LS, Gerszten RE, Taylor JM, Pedersen BK, van Praag H, Trappe S, et al. Exerkines in health, resilience and disease. Nat Rev Endocrinol, 2022;18(5):273-289. [DOI:10.1038/s41574-022-00641-2]
18. Schneider V, Bush N, Sevel L, Bishop M, Boissoneault J. Resilience to acute musculoskeletal pain: resting-state functional connectivity of regions associated with gray matter density differences following induction of low-back pain. The Journal of Pain, 2021; 22(5): 605-606. [DOI:10.1016/j.jpain.2021.03.110]
19. Ramí�rez-Maestre C, de la Vega R, Sturgeon JA, Peters M. Editorial: Resilience Resources in Chronic Pain Patients: The Path to Adaptation. Front Psychol. 2019; 10:2848. DOI: 10.3389/ fpsyg.2019.02848. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02848]
20. Malpus Z, Nazar Z, Smith C, Armitage L. Compassion focused therapy for pain management: '3 systems approach' to understanding why striving and self-criticism are key psychological barriers to regulating activity and improving self-care for people living with persistent pain. "Br. J. Pain". 2023;17(1):87-102. [DOI:10.1177/20494637221133630]
21. Millard LA, Wan MW, Smith DM, Wittkowski A. The effectiveness of compassion focused therapy with clinical populations: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Affect Disord. 2023; 326:168-192. [DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2023.01.010]
22. Leaviss J, Uttley L. Psychotherapeutic benefits of compassion-focused therapy: an early systematic review. Psychol Med.2015; 45(5):927-45. [DOI:10.1017/S0033291714002141]
23. Craig C, Hiskey S, Spector A. Compassion focused therapy: a systematic review of its effectiveness and acceptability in clinical populations. Expert Rev. Neurother. 2020; 20:4, 385-400. [DOI:10.1080/14737175.2020.1746184]
24. Asano K, Tsuchiya M, Okamoto Y, Ohtani T, Sensui T, Masuyama A, et al. Benefits of group compassion-focused therapy for treatmentresistant depression: A pilot randomized controlled trial. Front. Psychol, 2022; 13:903842. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2022.903842]
25. Vidal J, Soldevilla JM. Effect of compassionfocused therapy on self-criticism and selfsoothing: A meta-analysis. Br J Clin Psychol. 2023 Mar;62(1):70-81. [DOI:10.1111/bjc.12394]
26. Kılıç A, Hudson J, McCracken LM, Ruparelia R, Fawson S, Hughes LD. A systematic review of the effectiveness of self-compassion-related interventions for individuals with chronic physical health conditions. Behav. Ther, 2021;52(3):607-25. [DOI:10.1016/j.beth.2020.08.001]
27. Lanzaro C, Carvalho SA, Lapa TA, Valentim A, Gago B. A Systematic Review of Self-Compassion in Chronic Pain: From Correlation to Efficacy. Span J Psychol. 2021; 24:e26. [DOI:10.1017/SJP.2021.22]
28. Ghator Z, Pouryahya S, Davarniya R, Salimi A, Shakarami M. The Effect of Compassion-Focused Therapy (CFT) on Resiliency of Women with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Armaghan Journal, 2018; 23(3):350-363. [In Persian].
29. Faul F, Erdfelder E, Lang AG, Buchner A. G* Power 3: A flexible statistical power analysis programfor the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behav. Res. Methods. 2007;39(2):175- 91. [DOI:10.3758/BF03193146]
30. Sullivan MJ, Bishop SR, Pivik J. The pain catastrophizing scale: development and validation. Psychol. Assess, 1995;7(4):524. [DOI:10.1037/1040-3590.7.4.524]
31. Taherizadeh S, Samari A, Ahi G. Structural modeling of pain perception in people with chronic pain syndrome based on behavioral inhibition system: mediated by pain catastrophe and perceived social support. J Appl Phys , 2021;12(2):19-31. [In Persian].
32. Connor KM, Davidson JR. Development of a new resilience scale: The Connor‐Davidson resilience scale (CD‐RISC). Depress. Anxiety, 2003;18(2):76-82. [DOI:10.1002/da.10113]
33. Yaghoubi H, Vaghef L, Nellaee P. The Role of SelfEsteem and Emotional Intelligence in Predicting the Resilience of Students with Hearing Impairment. J Child Ment Health, 2019; 6 (3):162- 172. [In Persian]. [DOI:10.29252/jcmh.6.3.15]
34. Gilbert P. An introduction to compassionfocused therapy in cognitive behavior therapy. Int J Cogn Ther, 2010; 3(2): 97-112. [DOI:10.1521/ijct.2010.3.2.97]
35. Gilbert P. The origins and nature of compassion focused therapy. Br J Clin Psychol, 2014; 53(1):6- 41. [DOI:10.1111/bjc.12043]
36. Gilbert P, Irons C. A pilot exploration of the use of compassionate images in a group of self‐ critical people. Mem. 2004; 12 (4):507-16. [DOI:10.1080/09658210444000115]
37. Frostadottir AD, Dorjee D. Effects of Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) and Compassion Focused Therapy (CFT) on Symptom Change, Mindfulness, Self-Compassion, and Rumination in Clients with Depression, Anxiety, and Stress. Front. Psychol, 2019;10:1099. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01099]
38. Agarwal N, Sarthi P. Efficacy of Yoga and Mindfulness as a Potential Intervention for Children with ADHD: A Review Study. Indian J Posit Psychol, 2020, 11(3): 191-196.
39. Valizadeh H, Ahmadi V, Mirshekar S. The effectiveness of compassion-focused therapy on resilience, emotional ataxia and feelings of loneliness in female heads of households. JMPR, 2023; 18(69). [In Persian].

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.