Volume 8, Issue 3 And 2023 (2023)                   IJMPP 2023, 8(3 And 2023): 915-920 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.MODARES.REC.1401.110


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Hosseini Z S, Tavafian S S, Ahmadi O, Maghbouli R. Using the Social Cognitive Theory to Investigate the Factors Influencing Working Women’s Ability to Maintain Proper Posture at Work. IJMPP 2023; 8 (3 and 2023) :915-920
URL: http://ijmpp.modares.ac.ir/article-32-70984-en.html
1- Department of Health Education, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Health Education, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran , tavafian@modares.ac.ir
3- Department of Occupational Health, Faculty of Medical sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
4- Hasheminejad hospital, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (473 Views)
Aims: This study is centered on the identification of key factors that contribute to the maintenance of proper posture, aiming to mitigate the occurrence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) arising from repetitive motions and inadequate body positioning in work settings.
Methods: This ross-sectional research was performed to examine the factors influencing the maintenance of proper body posture while working in the assembly line by 250 female workers. The study employed a two-phase cluster sampling technique for participant selection and gathered information about demographic traits, variables associated with Social Cognitive Theory (SCT), and behavior through self-report surveys. The amassed data were subjected to analysis using SPSS version 21 software. This analysis encompassed statistical techniques including Pearson’s correlation and regression tests which all conducted at a significance threshold of p<0.05.
Findings: Totally 250 female workers with mean age of 35.15±7.99 took part in the study. The mean years of their work experience was 8.00±5.91. The study’s results demonstrated a noteworthy correlation between maintaining proper body posture during work and SCT
constructs (p<0.05), except for outcome expectations. Moreover, barrier structures, normative beliefs, intention, and knowledge were recognized as the most crucial determinants of behavior.
Conclusions: The study reveals a noteworthy connection between proper posture and (SCT) components, validating its predictive capacity for endorsing ergonomic practices. This enriches our comprehension of how SCT factors impact the adoption of correct task posture, aiding in targeted interventions and underlining the need for varied strategies to tackle the complex behavioral influences in workplaces.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Occupational Therapy
Received: 2023/08/9 | Accepted: 2023/09/9 | Published: 2023/10/20

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